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Is Macular Degeneration Genetic?


Understanding Macular Degeneration: Is Macular Degeneration Genetic and How to Prevent It

Welcome to Annan Retina Eye Center, Houston's leading ophthalmology center specializing in treating various eye conditions, including macular degeneration. Understanding the genetic aspects and adopting simple steps for prevention can go a long way in preserving your eye health.

Is Macular Degeneration Genetic?

Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a progressive eye disease that affects the macula, the central part of the retina responsible for sharp, central vision. While the exact causes of macular degeneration are not fully understood, research suggests that both genetic and environmental factors play a role.

Genetic predisposition is indeed a significant factor in the development of macular degeneration. Studies have shown that individuals with a family history of macular degeneration are at a higher risk of developing the condition themselves. If you have a parent or sibling with macular degeneration, it is crucial to be aware of the increased risk and take proactive steps to maintain your eye health.

Preventing Macular Degeneration: Small Steps, Big Impact

While genetics plays a role, it's important to note that there are several lifestyle changes and preventive measures you can adopt to minimize the risk of macular degeneration. Here are some small steps you can take to protect your eyes:

  1. Eat a Nutrient-Rich Diet: Incorporate a variety of fruits and vegetables into your diet, particularly those rich in antioxidants and carotenoids. Leafy greens, colorful berries, citrus fruits, and fish high in omega-3 fatty acids can provide essential nutrients for eye health.

  2. Maintain a Healthy Weight and Exercise Regularly: Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle have been linked to an increased risk of macular degeneration. Engaging in regular physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce this risk.

  3. Protect Your Eyes from Harmful UV Rays: Prolonged exposure to sunlight and harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays can contribute to macular degeneration. When outdoors, wear sunglasses that block 100% of UV rays and a wide-brimmed hat to shield your eyes from direct sunlight.

  4. Quit Smoking or Avoid Secondhand Smoke: Smoking has been identified as a significant risk factor for macular degeneration. If you smoke, quitting is one of the best things you can do for your overall health and eye health.

  5. Control Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Levels: High blood pressure and elevated cholesterol levels can impact your eye health. Regularly monitor and manage these factors through a balanced diet, exercise, and medication if necessary.

  6. Schedule Regular Eye Exams: Routine eye examinations are essential for detecting macular degeneration in its early stages. By detecting any signs of the disease early on, your ophthalmologist can develop a personalized treatment plan to manage or slow down its progression.


While there is a genetic component to macular degeneration, adopting a healthy lifestyle and taking preventive measures can significantly reduce your risk of developing the condition. By following these small steps, such as maintaining a balanced diet, engaging in regular exercise, protecting your eyes from harmful UV rays, and prioritizing regular eye exams, you can safeguard your eye health and enjoy clear vision for years to come. Remember, early detection and proactive care are key to preserving your precious sight.

If you are noticing any changes in vision, you can schedule your next visit with Dr. El Annan at the Annan Retina Eye Center. Please call 346-222-6626 to speak to a member of staff who will be more than happy to help you.

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