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What Is Vitrectomy Surgery?


Vitrectomy surgery is a surgical procedure performed on the eye to remove the vitreous gel from the eye's interior. The vitreous gel is a clear, gel-like substance that fills the eye between the lens and retina.


The procedure involves making tiny incisions in the eye and using specialized instruments to remove the vitreous gel. The gel is replaced with a saline solution or gas bubble, which helps the eye maintain its shape during the healing process. The surgery can take an hour to complete and is usually performed under local or general anesthesia.


If you are someone asking what is vitrectomy surgery, it might be best to also ask why you might need vitrectomy surgery as it may be recommended for various eye conditions, including:


1. Retinal detachment: A condition where the retina separates from the underlying tissue, causing vision loss.

2. Macular hole: A small hole that develops in the macula, the part of the retina responsible for sharp, central vision.

3. Epiretinal membrane: A thin layer of scar tissue that forms on the surface of the retina, distorting vision.

4. Vitreous hemorrhage: Bleeding into the vitreous gel, which can cause vision loss.

5. Diabetic retinopathy: A complication of diabetes that damages the blood vessels in the retina, leading to vision loss.


In summary, vitrectomy surgery is a procedure performed on the eye to remove the vitreous gel and may be recommended for various eye conditions, including retinal detachment, macular hole, epiretinal membrane, vitreous hemorrhage, and diabetic retinopathy.


If you are noticing any changes in vision, you can schedule your next visit with

Dr El Annan at the Annan Retina Eye Center. Please call 346-222-6626 to speak to a member of staff who will be more than happy to help you.

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